The principles of mathematics, geometry, and other sciences measure human-made and natural features in a land survey.

Land surveyors can use various tools to measure elevation, angles, and boundaries on a property. There are different types of land surveying, all of them with a unique purpose.

The following guide will provide you with more information about the different kinds of land surveying:

Boundary Survey

This kind of survey is used to locate the corners, and boundary lines of a piece of land, and both record and field research is involved. This includes any measurements and computations that are needed to set the boundary lines, and this type of survey can also involve locating easement lines and encroachments. The most common survey plan produced during a boundary survey is a Posting Plan.

Construction Survey

This involves staking out structures located on the property, including walls, buildings, roads, and utilities.  Staking provides directions for implementing the improvements shown on the development plans, so this information would be very useful for construction personnel. This type of survey can also involve both horizontal and vertical grading.

Location Survey

This type of survey is similar to a boundary survey in that it provides additional information on the specific location of interior improvements such as buildings and other fixed structures. Location surveys are often used for the peace of mind of homeowners and loan applications because they fulfill such requirements.

Site Planning/ Development Survey

This is usually a requirement for development permit applications because this type of survey combines the elements of boundary and topographic surveys for site planning and is used to plan design improvements and developments prior to construction. These surveys are used for designing stores, playgrounds, house lots, commercial sites, streets, industrial sites and highways.

Subdivision Survey

This is used to divide a parcel of land into small tracts or lots or estates. Subdivision surveys are also used to design streets and drainages and are often referred to as a partition survey.

Topographic Survey

This helps locate natural and man-made topographic features on a piece of land and can include fences, utilities, buildings, elevations, streams, trees, improvements and contours, just to name a few examples. This type of survey may be required by a local government or it may be used by architects and engineers when planning site improvements or developments. Topographic surveys are generally implemented through a combination of aerial photography and ground field methods and are not limited by property boundaries.

The different types of land surveys and their purposes can be a little tricky to understand, but the experts at Target Land Surveying can provide you with more information. If you have any questions or want to hear more about our services, contact us today!